Egg Donation Procedure
Egg donation has been performed in the United States since 1986. Dr. Brown was trained on Egg Donation at the renowned Jones Institute for Reproductive Medicine under IVF pioneers Drs. Georgeanna and Howard Jones, Jr. There, the first IVF baby in the United States was born. This child was also the first in the world born as a result of a stimulated gonadotropin cycle. The ability to induce the development of multiple eggs was a major breakthrough that has allowed thousands of otherwise infertile couples to produce healthy children.
In egg donation, oocytes (eggs) from a young woman are fertilized in the laboratory, with the sperm of the recipient’s partner (or donor sperm) to create embryos. These embryos are transferred into the patient’s (the recipient) uterus to develop into a baby. This procedure enables women with severely diminished ovarian function, or genetic abnormalities to carry and deliver their own child.
II. Types of Egg Donation Programs offered at our Center
Anonymous egg donation – the recipient couple does not know the identity of the egg donor. A detailed history and photographs are used in donor selection. Our program can provide access to anonymous egg donors.
Known egg donation – the identity of the egg donor is known to the recipient couple (for example a friend or relative).
III. Summary of Medical Procedures for Egg Donation
- Egg donors undergo a preliminary screening prior to inclusion in the donor pool – including a detailed history, discussion of medical, social, emotional, financial, and legal aspects of egg donation.
- Recipient chooses a specific egg donor – a large selection of anonymous egg donors is available through our office. A recipient may also choose an egg donor who is known to her (such as a friend or a family member).
- A second round of extensive, detailed screening of the donor occurs – including genetic, psychological, and physical evaluations as appropriate.
- Simultaneous ovarian stimulation of the egg donor and uterine preparation of the recipient – injectable medications stimulate the development of multiple eggs from the donor, while a combination of injectable and oral medications prepare the recipient’s endometrium for the implantation of embryos.
- Egg retrieval from the egg donor – A simple, ultrasound-guided, minimally invasive procedure used to retrieve the eggs from the ovaries. This procedure is performed under conscious sedation (twilight sleep), transvaginally with a needle. There are NO INCISIONS in this outpatient procedure.
- Fertilization of the eggs – with the recipient partner’s sperm (or donor sperm) in-vitro (in the laboratory), by insemination, or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI).
- Embryo transfer- of the embryos into the recipient.
- Cryopreservation (freezing) – of any remaining, good-quality embryos, when possible.
IV. Information for Potential Egg Donors
- Your cycle will be anonymous, unless you are donating eggs for someone you know. This means that the recipient couple will not know your identity and you will not know theirs. The couple will look at your photograph, however, in order to assist with matching your looks with their needs.
- You will be able to help a couple have a family, which is noble and altruistic.
- Egg donors will be compensated financially for a completed cycle. The compensation does not depend on whether the recipient conceives.
- Egg donors need to be between the ages of 18-30.
- Egg donors must be healthy. A detailed explanation of the entire process and additional criteria, as well as a history and physical examination will be provided free of charge to potential donors. Psychological or genetic testing may be necessary prior to initiation of an egg donation cycle. These will be provided free of charge to the donor as well.
- Egg donors must be willing to provide the office with their pictures. These photos will be used by potential recipient couples to assist in your selection. The photos will be returned to you upon request.
- The completed cycle duration is approximately four weeks. You will need to take daily injections during this time, most with a tiny needle (subcutaneous). These are easy to administer in the convenience of your own home, or you may come to the office for administration. There is only minimal discomfort associated with the injection administration.
V. Contact Information for Egg Donation/Surrogacy Programs
For cycle information on egg donation or surrogacy questions, please contact: Lisa Gates, R.N. (904) 260-0352. If you are interested in becoming an egg donor, please fill out the egg donor application and submit it to the office via fax (904-260-0353), email (firstname.lastname@example.org) or in-person (14540 Old St. Augustine Road, Building 2 Ste. 2497 • Jacksonville, FL 32258). Once your application is processed, our staff will contact you to setup an egg donor interview with Lisa Gates, R.N..
For financial Q & A, please contact: Linda Brown (904) 260-0352